September 3, 1976 – Viking 2 Landed on Mars

September 3, 1976 – Viking 2 Landed on Mars

On September 3, 1976 on Mars landed the Viking 2 – a drop-off module, which sent the first close color photographs from the surface of the Red Planet. NASA’s Viking program is the first space program to send spacecraft to Mars. Viking 1 and Viking 2 were launched in 1975 and 1976. They were created precisely for the detailed study of Mars. Each of the spacecraft is composed of two modules: one that is in orbit around the planet, and another that descends to the surface. The program is one of the most ambitious for its time, and its value...